Announcements and Events

Costs of War Flyer

National Archives Releases Digital Preservation Framework for Public Comment

WASHINGTON, September 16, 2019 – The National Archives and Records Administration is seeking public comment and discussion on our digital preservation framework, which consists of our approach to determining risks faced by electronic files, and our plans for preserving different types of file formats. The public is encouraged to join the discussion, September 16 through November 1, 2019, on GitHub.

Archivist of the United States David S. Ferriero explained the importance of this new digital vision: “We’re in the process of shifting the entire government off of paper and to all electronic record-keeping, and we play a major role in helping the agencies get to that point,” Ferriero said. “Our new strategic plan is the roadmap. By putting records management and digital preservation at the forefront of our priorities, we will help drive greater efficiency and effectiveness while making the Federal government more responsive to the American people.”

This is evidenced by the June 2019 direction (M-19-21, Transition to Electronic Records) to Federal agencies to transition business processes and record keeping to a fully electronic environment and to end the National Archives’ acceptance of paper records by December 31, 2022.

The National Archives' digital preservation subject matter experts, led by Director of Digital Preservation Leslie Johnston, have been hard at work to prepare the National Archives for this change. They have formalized a set of documents that describe how we identify risks to digital files and prioritize them for action, and created specific plans for the preservation of these many file formats.

“The National Archives has been adding electronic records to the holdings since 1970, so managing and preserving these files is not something new. Digital Preservation is the process applied to the ‘born-digital’ electronic record files and digitized physical records that we have in our holdings, where we identify file formats, assess risk, and take actions to ensure that the content of the records continue to be available for researchers into the future,” Johnston said.

As we continue to lead the government’s efforts for fully electronic recordkeeping, we are engaging other Federal agencies, the private sector, and stakeholders and subject matter experts to establish best practices in our archival and preservation efforts. We are also ensuring that our process for identifying and mitigating risk in the electronic records that we preserve and make accessible is as transparent as possible.  We are posting these documents because we want to share what we are doing, and because we need your help. 

The documents are available at:

Please use the Issues feature to leave comments or questions, or to start a discussion. The matrix and plans will be open for comment until November 1, 2019. After that time, National Archives staff will take all the feedback and update the matrix and plans, incorporating the comments. Then final versions will be publicly released, and updated on an ongoing basis in response to changing risks and new technologies and formats.

Vulcan Early-Career Prize

Vulcan: the Journal for the History of Military Technology, invites submissions for its Early-Career Prize for an academic article of outstanding quality on the history of military technology. The winning article will be published in the 2020 volume (8) of Vulcan, and will officially be announced as the prize winner in the journal volume as well as on the journal webpage. The winner will receive a cash prize of €500. Submissions for the prize should be submitted to the editor by 31 December 2019 and will be evaluated by regular peer-review and the editorial board. In order to allow for sufficient time for the peer review process, early submissions are welcomed.

The prize is open to current graduate students and recent graduates who obtained their doctoral degree after January 1, 2014. We welcome submissions about the history of military technology from all regions and time periods.

Articles should be based extensively on primary research, must not have been previously published in another form or outlet, and should not be currently under consideration by another journal or book series. Papers should include an abstract of approximately 150 words and 5–8 keywords, with a main text of 6,000–10,000 words. Essays should be written in English and conform to The Chicago Manual of Style (15th edition). Detailed submission instructions can be found at and submissions made through EditorialManager linked there. For further information, please contact the editor, Steven A. Walton,, Dept. of Social Sciences, Michigan Tech University, 209 Academic Office Bldg., Houghton, MI 49931 USA


The 4th Annual Symposium on Modern Warfare “Leadership and Modern Warfare”
September 20, 2019 – 8:30am to 5pm

International Cultural Center, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas

Registration is now open for the 4th annual Symposium on Modern Warfare at Texas Tech University. This symposium will feature presentations that examine aspects of leadership in modern warfare. Topics will include proxy warfare, command philosophies, private military contractors, terrorist leaders, the war in Iraq, reform movements, tactical improvements, and Operation Inherent Resolve. The keynote address will be given by General John Murray, Commanding General for Army Futures Command. For a detailed listing of presentations, refer to the program agenda available at

To register for this event, please send your full name to A luncheon will be made available for the first 100 people to register. There is no cost to this event.

The Organization of American Historians is accepting applications for two International Residency programs. Applications are due October 1, 2019.

Germany residency program:
Thanks to a generous grant from the Fritz Thyssen Foundation, the OAH International Committee is pleased to continue the Germany Residency Program at the University of Tübingen in 2020.
Japan Residencies Program:
In cooperation with and support from the Japan-United States Friendship Commission, the OAH and the Japanese Association for American Studies (JAAS) plan to send two American scholars to Japanese universities for two-week residencies in the summer of 2020 (pending funding).

The Center for Cryptologic History's 17th biennial Symposium on Cryptologic History will take place October 17-18, 2019 at the Kossiakoff Center on the campus of Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Lab in Laurel, MD. Since 1990, the Symposium has served as an opportunity to present historical discoveries found in unclassified and declassified Intelligence Community records and engage in scholarly discussion about their significance to cryptologic history. The 2019 Symposium programs offers over 20 educational sessions led by over 65 speakers. Topics include cryptologic history related to WWI, WWII, the Cold War, communications security, cyberspace and technology, international and diplomatic relations, counterintelligence and espionage, declassification and public engagement, and more. To view the full preliminary program and register visit Questions should be directed to


Richard W. Leopold Prize


Verification of current or past employment with the U.S. government (in the form of a letter or e-mail sent to the publisher from the office that employs or has employed the author) must be included with each entry for the Leopold Prize.

The Richard W. Leopold Prize is given biennially by the Organization of American Historians to the author or editor of the best book on foreign policy, military affairs, historical activities of the federal government, documentary histories, or biography written by a U.S. government historian or federal contract historian. These subjects cover the concerns and the historical fields of activity of the late Professor Leopold, who was president of the OAH 1976–1977.

The prize was designed to improve contacts and interrelationships within the historical profession where an increasing number of history-trained scholars hold distinguished positions in governmental agencies. The prize recognizes the significant historical work being done by historians outside academe.

Each entry must be published during the two-year period January 1, 2018 through December 31, 2019.

The award will be presented at the 2020 OAH Annual Meeting in Washington, D.C., April 2–5.

Submission Procedures
The winner must have been employed as a full-time historian or federal contract historian with the U.S. government for a minimum of five years prior to the submission. If the author has accepted an academic position, retired, or otherwise left federal service, the book must have been published within two years of their separation date. Verification of current or past employment with the U.S. government (in the form of a letter or e-mail sent to the publisher from the office that employs or has employed the author) must be included with each entry for the Leopold Prize.
One copy of each entry, clearly labeled “2020 Richard W. Leopold Prize Entry,” must be mailed directly to the committee members listed below. Each committee member must receive all submissions postmarked by October 1, 2019.

Bound page proofs may be used for books to be published after October 1, 2019 and before January 1, 2020. If a bound page proof is submitted, a bound copy of the book must be sent to each committee member postmarked no later than January 7, 2020.
If a book carries a copyright date that is different from the publication date, but the actual publication date falls during the correct timeframe making it eligible, please include a letter of explanation from the publisher with each copy of the book sent to the committee members.

The final decision will be made by the Richard W. Leopold Prize Committee by February 2020. The winner will be provided with details regarding the OAH Annual Meeting and awards presentation. By applying for this prize, you are agreeing to OAH’s use of your data however it is needed in the normal course of business if selected as winner or honorable mention. ​Read our privacy policy here:

Richard W. Leopold Prize Committee
Barbara Clark Smith (Committee Chair) 4141 North Henderson Road #1211 Arlington, VA 22903 [Affiliation: National Museum of American History]

Kevin Gutzman 33 Deer Run Bethel, CT 06801 [Affiliation: Western Connecticut State University]

Dinah Mayo-Bobee East Tennessee State University Department of History Box 70672 400 J. L. Seehorn Road Johnson City, TN 37614


Cold War Essay Contest
John A. Adams ’71 Center for Military History & Strategic Analysis

For the fifteenth consecutive year, the John A. Adams ’71 Center for Military History & Strategic Analysis at the Virginia Military Institute, Lexington, Va., is pleased to announce that it will award prizes for the best-unpublished papers on Cold War military history. The contest recognizes and encourages innovative scholarship on Cold War subjects.

Any aspect of the Cold War (1945-1991) era is eligible, including papers on military strategy, plans, and operations; the relationship between the armed forces and society; international security affairs; and the connections between Cold War military history and contemporary geopolitical challenges. This year, having recently celebrated the 70th anniversary of the formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO, 1949-2019), the Adams Center is especially interested in essays concerning Cold War alliances.

Prizes: First place will earn a plaque and a cash award of $2,000; second place, $1,000 and a plaque; and third place, $500 and a plaque.

Procedures: Writers should send their entry electronically to the Adams Center at the Virginia Military Institute by Friday, November 15, 2019. Please make your submission as a MS Word document and limit your essay to a maximum of 7,500 words (minimum 4,000 words) of double-spaced text, exclusive of documentation and bibliography. A panel of judges will examine all papers; the Adams Center director will announce the winners in late 2019. The Journal of Military History will consider prize-winning essays for publication.

Submissions to:

Questions to:

Dr. Bradley Lynn Coleman
Director, John A. Adams ’71 Center for Military History & Strategic Analysis
Department of History
Virginia Military Institute
Lexington, VA 24450


Ms. Deneise Shafer
Administrative Assistant
Fax: 540-464-7246

Online at:

The IJMH Early-Career Paper Prize 2019 by
the International Journal of Military History and Historiography (IJMH)

(formerly International Bibliography of Military History, (IBMH) of the Bibliographical Committee of the International Commission of Military History (ICMH))

The International Journal of Military History and Historiography invites submissions for its IJMH Early-Career Paper Prize.

The International Journal of Military History and Historiography (IJMH) has been continuously published (from 1978 to 2015 as the International Bibliography of Military History – IBMH), on behalf of the International Commission of Military History (ICMH), which can trace back its origins to 1938. The journal offers its readers and authors a platform that includes original research articles on any military historical topic from antiquity to the contemporary period that can appeal to an international readership.

The Prize will be awarded to an academic article of outstanding quality in the field of international military history written by a graduate student or an early-career scholar, which will have been published in the 2019 volume (39) or the 2020 volume (40) of IJMH. The author of the winning article will be officially announced in the journal and on the journal’s website, and receive a €1,000 cash prize. See past years’ winners below.

In line with IJMH’s general guidelines, submissions should be an original contribution to the field of military history that is of interest to an international readership, e.g., a topic involving more than one nation and, preferably, based on multi-archival research. There is no chronological limitation. IJMH publishes articles ranging from antiquity to the contemporary period, provided that the subject is historical and the methodology fulfills academic standards.

Submission Requirements
Articles should be based extensively on primary research, must not have been previously published in another form or outlet, and should not be currently under consideration by another journal or book series. The submitted work has to comply with the journal’s style sheet, be between 8,000 and 10,000 words (including footnotes), and be thoroughly referenced. For further information on style and referencing, please visit

The prize is open to graduate students who are currently registered at a higher education institution, or to those who have obtained their doctoral degree after January 1, 2014.

Submissions for the 2019 prize are accepted on a rolling basis, but should be sent by 30 September 2019 by the latest. Please see the journal webpage for information on how to submit ( In case of questions, contact the Editor-in-Chief, Dr Marco Wyss (

Past winners of the IJMH Early-Career Paper Prize:

Zoë Rose Buoanaiuto, for the article "A Grave Reconciliation: The Establishment of German War Cemeteries in Normandy, 1944-1964," published in Volume 38, No. 2.

Gaj Trifković, for the article "The Forgotten Surrender. The End of the Second World War in Yugoslavia," published in Volume 37, No. 2.

John V. Clune, for the article "UN Peacekeeping and the International Men and Women of the Ghana Armed Forces," published in Volume 36, No. 1.

Kwong Chi Man, for the article “'They Are a Little Afraid of the British Admiral': The China Station of the Royal Navy during the First Sino-Japanese War, 1894–1895," published in Volume 35, No. 2.

Joint Force Quarterly seeks history submissions for its “Recall” Section
Joint Force Quarterly, published by the National Defense University Press, is looking for articles of 2,500 - 5,000 words or less for its Recall section.  Recall focuses on historical issues often of contemporary relevance to the joint force.   JFQ is the Chairman's joint military and security studies journal designed to inform and educate national security professionals on joint and integrated operations; whole of government contributions to national security policy and strategy; homeland security; and developments in training and joint military education to better equip America's military and security apparatus to meet tomorrow's challenges while protecting freedom today.  Instructions for submission of articles is at:  Any questions can be sent to

Several books have been published in this series at Ohio University Press.

  • Geoffrey L. Rossano’s edited Hero of the Angry Sky: The World War I Diary and Letters of David S. Ingall’s, America’s First Naval Ace
  • Eugene D. Schmiel’s Citizen-General: Jacob Dolson Cox and the Civil War Era
  • Steven M. Baule’s Protecting the Empire’s Frontier: Officers of the 18th (Royal Irish) Regiment during its North American Service, 1767-1776
  • John A. Wood’s forthcoming Veteran Narrative and the Collective Memory of the Vietnam War
The series provides a venue for scholars of war and society in areas now comprising the United States and Canada from the pre-colonial period to the present. The scope is broadly conceived to include:
  • military histories of conventional and unconventional conflicts on the North American continent
  • studies of peace movements and pacifist attitudes in North America
  • biographies of individuals and groups from North America who fought around the world and returned from those wars
  • examinations of institutional, political, diplomatic, religious, cultural, economic, or environmental factors that affected warfare on the North American continent
  • comparative analyses of military conflicts in North America 
Proposals for outstanding dissertation monographs, surveys, anthologies, or edited primary source collections will be considered. Because this series originally focused on the Midwest, proposals will continue to be considered on the upper Mississippi River valley, the Ohio River valley, and the Great Lakes region.  The series is co-edited by Ingo Trauschweizer of Ohio University and David Ulbrich of Rogers State University.  The series' editorial advisory board includes Janet Bednarek, Michael Doyle, Nicole Etcheson, Joseph Fitzharris, John Grenier, John Hall, Paul Herbert, James Westheider, and Lee Windsor.

Strategies & Tactics Press

We are looking to augment our current pool of writers at Strategies & Tactics Press. Founded in 1967, Strategy & Tactics magazine is the longest continually published military history magazine. In addition to Strategy & Tactics, we also publish World at War, which specializes in the Second World War and Modern War which specializes in Cold War/Current/Future conflicts.

All of periods of military history are desired. For submissions we are looking for the analytical aspect of the certain battle/conflict, not necessarily just the story or personal aspect of the battle (i.e. we focus on the “how and why” questions).

For more information, please contact:
Strategies & Tactics Press
Kyle Lockwood, Senior Editor